# Route collectors

Route collectors are the physical machines where RIS ingests BGP routing data. We receive this data via BGP peering sessions. Most route collectors collect data from peers at IXP peering LANs that the route collectors are physically attached to. We also have 'multi-hop' route collectors, which collect BGP data from peers via BGP multi-hop sessions. The advantage of multi-hop BGP sessions is that data collection is not restricted to networks that are attached to the same peering LANs as the RIS collector. Instead, these sessions can be established with us from all over the world.

Or route collectors have names that start with 'RRC' and end with a number. Starting at 00 and (as of this writing) up to 26. We typically add a small number of route collectors every year.

For route collectors that are attached to IXP peering LANs we keep our PeeringDB record (opens new window) up to date, so this serves as the authoritative source for what peering LANs we can establish BGP peering sessions on, ie. where networks can directly peer with us.

Our active multi-hop collectors and their meta-data is listed below:

Name Physical Location Type Scope Raw Data
RRC00 Amsterdam, NL multihop global data (opens new window)
RRC01 London, GB IXP LINX, LONAP data (opens new window)
RRC03 Amsterdam, NL IXP AMS-IX, NL-IX data (opens new window)
RRC04 Geneva, CH IXP CIXP data (opens new window)
RRC05 Vienna, AT IXP VIXP data (opens new window)
RRC06 Otemachi, JP IXP DIX-IE data (opens new window)
RRC07 Stockholm, SE IXP Netnod data (opens new window)
RRC10 Milan, IT IXP MIX data (opens new window)
RRC11 New York, NY, US IXP NYIIX data (opens new window)
RRC12 Frankfurt, DE IXP DE-CIX data (opens new window)
RRC13 Moscow, RU IXP MSK-IX data (opens new window)
RRC14 Palo Alto, CA, US IXP PAIX data (opens new window)
RRC15 Sao Paolo, BR IXP PTTMetro-SP data (opens new window)
RRC16 Miami, FL, US IXP Equinix Miami data (opens new window)
RRC18 Barcelona, ES IXP CATNIX data (opens new window)
RRC19 Johannesburg, ZA IXP NAP Africa JB data (opens new window)
RRC20 Zurich, CH IXP SwissIX data (opens new window)
RRC21 Paris, FR IXP France-IX Paris and France-IX Marseille data (opens new window)
RRC22 Bucharest, RO IXP Interlan data (opens new window)
RRC23 Singapore, SG IXP Equinix Singapore data (opens new window)
RRC24 Montevideo, UY multihop LACNIC region data (opens new window)
RRC25 Amsterdam, NL multihop global data (opens new window)
RRC26 Dubai, AE IXP UAE-IX data (opens new window)

Historic route collectors are listed in this table:

Name Physical Location Type Scope Raw Data
RRC02 Paris, FR IXP SFINX data (opens new window)
RRC08 San Jose, CA, US IXP MAE-WEST data (opens new window)
RRC09 Zurich, CH IXP TIX data (opens new window)

Locations are also available in dns LOC records

RIPEstat includes a metadata call with more information: https://stat.ripe.net/docs/data_api#rrc-info

We also have a list of peers per RRC: https://www.ris.ripe.net/peerlist/all.shtml

# BGP Timer settings

Since BGP Timer settings influence data collection we document their settings here:

BGP Timer settings since 23 November 2006:

  • Keepalives: 60 seconds
  • Holddown: 180 seconds

BGP Timer settings between 17 October 2002 and 23 November 2006:

  • Keepalives: 0 (disabled)
  • Holddown: 0 (disabled)

BGP Timer settings before 17 October 2002:

  • Keepalives: 60 seconds
  • Holddown: 180 seconds
Last Updated: 5/23/2022, 11:04:54 AM